Premedicants are drugs that reduce the patients anxiety and also help the vet use less anaesthetic drug during the next phase. Pain-killing drugs are also given with the pre-medication phase.
2. Induction of anaesthesia:
Injectable anaesthetic agents are the most commonly used type of induction drugs. These drugs are injected into your pet often via the vein on the front of the foreleg. As a result, your pet becomes anaesthetised and passes into another phase of anaesthetic procedure, called the maintenance phase.
3. Maintenance Phase:
Anaesthetic gases and vaporised drugs are most commonly used during this phase, although injectable anaesthetic can be used. A tube is passed into the trachea (windpipe) and connected to an anaesthetic machine, which supplies the mixture of different gases and vaporised drugs directly to the patient.
4. Recovery Phase:
An animal will usually start to recover from anaesthesia very quickly. The recovery of the patient is monitored carefully until they are completely awake and fit enough to go home. Some animals may stay in the practice for a bit longer, this is usually the case with long or complicated procedures.